Friday, September 23, 2011
Describing the Japanese Architecture Idea
Sitting here instead of sitting at class because my inability to live healthy, darn this stomach so I think I need to use these couple of hours to feed on my brain regarding my final project to get architecture degree. This old, well since my goals for the precious persons already achieved, now they said I need to do something for my ownsake. I have nothing just a degree to finish, so here I am, wondering and searching if I still have the luck to finish my architectural degree. And here they said it's quite hard since architecture is in technical major. To be honest I can't live or have the spirit to find a job with only 2.79 from 4.00 GPA. okay now I'm stuck, so here's the things that might useful for you...
published on june 2011, I'm still searching the ideas for my final project, and here I am stuck thinking about the water garden I need to design on the governmental office of my final project (yeah It's boring, but what can I say, it's the only choice and real project being built). woops.. I'm blabbering again. Okay here's the real thing...
Today, the contemporary Japanese style = "color: black;"> architecture provides the quality and diversity that offers considerable interest. Although this architecture is of a very advanced society in the capitalist economy and globalization, it makes its own peculiarities that make it stand out from other contemporary creations of Western architecture.
Such specificity can only be a manifestation of the aesthetic and a study, spiritual intellectual and artistic context that comes from Japan and tradition.As often happens, the architecture of Japan take a leaf out of the former model.
First of all, it is to know that contemporary Japanese architecture, combining tradition and modernity, very dynamic. All materials used in engineering skills, not just wood and bamboo but also of concrete, steel and glass. It respects the basic elements such as air, light and water. Indeed, Japanese architecture is based on the concepts of space, shadow and light. In Japanese eyes, the shadows create a space, the vision is really against the idea of Western living. Furthermore, traditional Japanese architecture with the natural assimilation of the building, the environment and its changes. Thus, most importance is given to the architecture and gardens.
In the early 20th century, the Japanese architect, whose numbers increased, gain awareness of their own abilities, they've got a mastery of architecture and Western techniques. In addition, they began to study with many artistic interests of the actual values of architecture Wester while they seriously reconsider their traditional national architecture.
As so often in Japanese culture and society, the advent of modern technology gave fresh impetus to the architecture of the archipelago. The new structure made of concrete and steel was set in stark contrast with the traditional architectural model. Japan plays a dynamic role in the conception of modern skyscrapers, thanks to his knowledge of the cantilever principle that allows it to support heavy loads such as heavy temple roof '.
In addition, the need to rebuild Japan after World War II greatly stimulated the Japanese architecture, thus making Japan one of contemporary architecture's most impressive about the technology and formal design. The modern architecture perfectly calm answer exhausted by the war Japan, the cube-shaped building was built without a soul.
On arrival of the second generation of post-war architect Kenzo Tange came, Seike and Kikutake which forced the original development of modern architecture. With the architects, the function stops to become causal element to be just a simple one. This is in accordance with the aspirations of humanism, more and luxury. Urban redevelopment, it becomes necessary because of the devastation left by the war, put at stake some majors such as architect Kenzo Tange who use the cantilever principle in a pillar and beam system inherited by the former palace.
Japanese architects are recognized as not only a skilled practitioner of modernism but also as an enhancer of postmodernism with the innovations in space perception, sensitivity to the exterior environment, the general use of non-industrial materials and develop ecological awareness and topographical problems.
Kenzo Tange's style is based on a neat building, he was the advocate of the construction made of concrete. Concrete, it is inevitable modern materials from Japan, where the frequency of earthquakes' makes use of steel and glass is difficult. He won the contest for the Hiroshima Peace Park and museum Menmorial atomic bomb in 1949 which was built in downtown Hiroshima.
As far as the Fumihiko Maki is concerned, he gave new ideas urbanism based on the principle of "cocoon" of space inside, spatial concepts tailored to the needs of urban Japan. He recommends also the use of open space, so in accordance with Japanese aesthetics unherited of Buddhist ideas.
In addition, some experimental avant-garde group considered, during the 80s, the geometric shapes of modernism by introducing metaphysical concepts effects.By surprising result contrasts with the innovations and their modernism rigidly, and experimental poetic minimalism of Ando Tadao embodied postmodernism: more balanced and humane approach to architecture.
The story of contemporary Japanese architecture is one of the gradual release of the international style, with its white form, rectangular, and abstract, her stage, flat roofs and reconversion into the way-back singularization.
This process requires a mastery of the language of modern architecture and engineering, and then use all the assets to achieve recovery and reinterpretation of traditional Japan.
The diversity and the impact that Japanese architecture today at the international level is nothing but the result of several approaches that some architects, ranging from the modernist concept mastery, has tapped into their spiritual traditions and their cultural specificity, and they have turned them into out-source the creation of endless.
If you need to have some references, try this :
1. Building by Fumihiko Maki
- House N by Sou Fujimoto Architects
2. Sports complex for the Olympic games in Tokyo by Kenzo Tange
- TOD Omotesando in Tokyo by Toyo Ito
- Sanctuary at Itsukushima
3. Kanagawa Institute of Technology by Junya Ishigami & Associates
4. Museum in the Union by Tadao Ando.
5. Menmorial Hiroshima Peace Park
6. Tokyo Marine and Fire Insurance Building in Tokyo by Kunio Maekawa
and the sources will be :